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Change agents and Change of norms: international experiences on training in UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in Schools

  • Per Wickenberg
  • Ulf Leo
Publishing year: 2014
Language: English
Pages: 105-121
Publication/Series: Journal of International Cooperation in Education
Volume: 16
Issue: Number 2, April 2014
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Hiroschima University - Center for the Study of International Cooperation in Education (CICE)

Abstract english

Education is usually seen as an instrument for making changes in knowledge, values and norms. Norms are action instructions or imperatives and thus direct actions and changes, which is the essence of norms. If one knows more about norms – guiding actions – one understands more about changes. It is well-known in sociology of law that there is an important, complex interplay between social norms and legal norms. The aim of this article isto reflect upon empirically based results on international training on implementation of the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) – the legal norms – in schools and educational organisations. The article is ended by concrete examples and applications of changes taken from schools and educational areas in the state of Kerala in southern India. The overarching idea is to study some change processes where the change of norms is taking place following the new legal norms stemming from the CRC. If legal and the social norms are congruent, one of the conclusions is that the implementation of new norms will be sustainable.


  • Law and Society
  • rights of the child
  • CRC
  • norms
  • social norms
  • legal norms
  • professional norms
  • UN
  • change agents
  • change
  • change of norms
  • implementation
  • new norms
  • education
  • schools
  • Kerala
  • India
  • international training programme (ITP


  • Normforskningsprojektet, Sociology of Law, Lund University
  • Normforskningsprojektet-lup-obsolete
  • ISSN: 1344-2996
Per Wickenberg
E-mail: per [dot] wickenberg [at] soclaw [dot] lu [dot] se


Department of Sociology of Law

+46 46 222 88 15



Professor emeritus

Department of Sociology of Law


Per Wickenberg was a primary school teacher in the 1970s - and '80s.  Since 1993 he has been working at Lund University, with various assignments based on sociology of law-research and education.

Sociology of Law Department
Lund University
Visiting address: Allhelgona Kyrkogata 14 M, 223 62 Lund, 3rd floor
Postal address: Box 42, 221 00 Lund

Faculty of Social Sciences